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Sports Ability

Inclusive activity cards designed to assist the delivery of sports-based activities that cater for all levels of ability.

The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 and Disability Standards for Education 2005 is designed to give students with disability the same rights as other students. This includes being entitled to receive education and training ‘on the same basis’ as the students without a disability. This means that all schools are required to provide quality sport and Physical Education (PE) programs that cater for all abilities.

Difference in student abilities

It is likely that within a class of students there will be differences in physical abilities and motor skills, regardless of whether a student has a diagnosed disability. When planning sporting activities, these difference can impact on how well students engage within a movement-based session, for example:

  • how well students move
  • how well they can see or hear
  • how they process and absorb information

Adapting and modifying activities

When planning sporting experiences it is important to understand each student’s movement capabilities. Depending on the level of difference, adjustments or modifications may need to be made to ensure all students can be included.

If the activity requires students to throw or kick a ball, and one or more students are unable to perform these skills, you need to think about different ways of passing a ball. These could include:

  • Carrying a ball between two points and releasing it at a set marker
  • Rolling a ball along the floor
  • Sending a ball down a ramp
  • Sending a ball along a table-top
  • Using an object to roll the ball along the floor

If students are unable to catch or stop a moving ball some adaptations might include:

  • Blocking a ball using their body
  • Intercepting a ball using a bat or racquet
  • Blocking a ball using netting held between them and a partner

Students with mobility limitations will require broader thinking when planning locomotor activities that require moving around a space. Locomotion could include:

  • Crawling
  • Rolling
  • Using a wheelchair or assistive device
  • Walking or running with the aid of a partner
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